Monday, September 12, 2016

Bull Sluice on the Chattooga

The 85,000-acre Andrew Pickens Ranger District is named for the Revolutionary War General Andrew Pickens. It is one of the three districts of Sumter National Forest; I used to work in the Enoree District, quite a different geography than this mountainous area!

A sign at the parking area offers a glimpse into what autumn holds in store for us

The abuse wrought on the land by the early settlers left large areas worthless for farming and timber production. The abandoned land ended up in federal hands in the early 1900s, and it was designated a national forest in 1920. The National Forest is bordered on the west by the Chattooga River, one of the few remaining free-flowing streams in the Southeast. The river also forms the border of South Carolina and Georgia, from the NC border to its confluence with the Tallulah River (and subsequent renaming as the Tugaloo River). With its remoteness, dense forests and rich diversity of plant and animal life, this is a highly unique place and has been recognized as such; it was declared the Wild and Scenic Chattooga River on May 10th, 1974. This designation protects a 15,432 acre corridor along the river, including the section running through the Ellicott Rock Wilderness, the spot where SC, NC and GA come together.

at the trailhead

The Chattooga winds through the mountains for 57 miles from its headwaters to the southwest of Cashiers, NC. It is flat and calm in places, suitable for swimming and tubing, however in other sections it becomes whitewater, with dangerous rapids resulting in portages for even skilled paddlers. One such spot is Bull Sluice, a benchmark Class IV+ rapid during normal flow (it becomes even more dangerous and almost impassable during low water). Infamous for being featured in the movie “Deliverance,” the rapids are located near the highway 76 bridge and the boat/raft put-in parking area for Section 4, making it a popular destination for whitewater rafters and kayakers. Bull Sluice is actually the largest & final rapid on Section 3 of the Chattooga, and many boaters who are running Section 4 (which is narrower and more dangerous) will first run Bull Sluice.

overlooking Bull Sluice with low water

As it’s just a short hike, Bull Sluice is also popular as a swimming hole with a sandy beach a few hundred feet below the rapid. There is supposedly a small cave under the main flow of water where swimmers can watch boaters running the rapid above them. With three young children we stayed well away from the rapids, leaving the exploring to older and more adventurous. After soaking in the scene we retraced our steps back to the paved road that leads from the parking area to the beach, stripped off our shoes, and enjoyed a few quiet hours in the cool waters of the river.

freshwater mussels!

To access the river and the Bull Sluice rapids, park in the large parking area on the north side of Highway 76. The road to the beach departs to the left from the shelter, and the trail to the Bull Sluice overlook is just a few hundred yards further going off to the right. From the parking area you’ll also find stairs that lead down to US76 and cross the river for a scenic view upriver. This is the spur trail that continues on 11 miles to link to the William Bartram Trail, the trail that retraces the famous explorer/naturalist/writer’s 1773 journey through the region. A viewing platform on the south side of the river is accessible from a pull-off also on the downriver side; it is not possible for pedestrians to cross the highway, you must drive to reach the parking area on the opposite side.

looking west into Georgia

While we didn’t stop at either on this trip, there are two waterfalls on the SC side in close proximity to US76 at this point: Fall Creek Falls and the 50-ft Long Creek Falls that cascades into the Chattooga. Don’t confuse Fall Creek Falls with Falls Creek Falls up in the direction of Jones Gap; Fall Creek Falls is a difficult, 2 mile downstream hike (although the multiple waterfalls ranging from 30-50 feet in height along the mile-long stretch of creek are worth it in my opinion!). And since the Chattooga is considered a great spot for some fishing, consider the Andrew Pickens a destination that has it all: swimming, picnicking, rafting, kayaking, waterfall-viewing, hiking and fishing! 

1 comment:

  1. We've been there... When we were there, Kayaks were streaming down that wild water area... It was fun watching them...



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